Dr Jade Chee graduated from the National University of Singapore with a bachelors of Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) in 2012, and is now in her second year of Family Medicine residency training. She has a keen interest in Sports Medicine, a specialty she is hoping to pursue in time to come.
Introduction Cheerleading injuries in the United States have been increasing steadily over the past few decades. Studies have reported that more days were lost per injury in cheerleading compared to any other sport. In this study, we aim to study our local Varsity cheerleading population for any association between gender and BMI of cheerleaders, and injuries sustained. Methods 5 teams across Polytechnic, University, and Open teams participated in the 2017 National Cheerleading Championships in Singapore. The coaches of all 5 teams were contacted, and willing participants consisting of both current and retired cheerleaders were recruited. Demographic information on gender, current age and BMI, was collected. Specific questions pertaining to the mechanism of injury, as well as body part injured were evaluated. Results Males were more likely to be injured while tumbling (p=0.018) and basing (p-0.025), while females were more likely to sustain injuries resulting from falls from stunts (p < 0.001). The BMI was significantly smaller for cheerleaders who suffered injuries resulting from falls from stunts compared to those who did not (p = 0.001). On the other hand, cheerleaders who suffered basing and collision injuries had significantly larger BMIs (p=0.015 for basing injuries, p=0.029 for collision injuries). There were no statistically significant associations between gender and body part injured, and BMI and body part injured. Discussion that a higher BMI is related to injuries sustained while basing and in collisions, while a smaller BMI is significant in cheerleaders who were injured from falling from stunts. This emphasizes the importance of a varied training program tailored to suit the demands of the cheerleader specific to his/her position on the team. Cheerleaders involved in basing should be advised on maintenance of a lower BMI, while those participating as flyers in a stunt should maintain a higher BMI. Recommendations We hope that by identifying the relationship between BMI and the prevalence of cheerleading injuries sustained, as are better able to tailor training programs targeted for participants in the sport involved in specific roles on the team, so as to decrease the overall incidence of cheerleading injuries in Singapore.
Jinil Kim is a doctor. My department is a physical & rehabilitation medicine. He was graduated from a soonchunhyang university in south korea. I worked and had a training in a soonchunhyang university cheonan hospital during 5 years. And now , he is working in a national sorokdo hospital running by national health system. He is interested in a health care system and treatment for a geriatric people in south korea.
Purpose: We designed and implemented a gateball exercise program for elderly patients with peripheral neuropathy. This was to provide and increase physical activity to improve social participation and prevent secondary complications. Methods: The program was held in a private gateball field three times a week from April to November 2016. We hired a professional technical coach with help from the Association of Goheung Gateballs and the patients participated in a total of nine local community competitions. In order to investigate the satisfaction of the patients, we made a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of 8 items: technical guidance, exercise facility, exercise equipment, frequency, quantity, change of life(activity), help maintain health, and eliminate bias. The questionnaire was administered twice, in April and November. Statistical analysis was performed using IMB SPSS Statistics 21 and paired t-test. Results: All 23 patients participated in the program and 20 completed the questionnaire. Satisfaction was improved in most of the questionnaire items and this was statistically significant. Conclusion: The patients increased their social participation by experiencing competition through exercise and by interacting with others. For the elderly patients with inactive peripheral neuropathy, gateball exercise was an easy and entertaining activity. The presence of a professional technical coach and the use of specific exercise programs and private gateball fields furtherly enhanced patient participation and satisfaction. We have found that gateball exercise has brought a positive change in the physical and mental condition of the patients and is suitable as a sustainable exercise.